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This case was last updated from Los Angeles County Superior Courts on 02/20/2021 at 05:30:30 (UTC).

ROSA MARIA MUNOZ-CASTRO, ET AL. VS COLE BENJAMIN MYERS, ET AL.

Case Summary

On 04/02/2019 ROSA MARIA MUNOZ-CASTRO filed a Personal Injury - Motor Vehicle lawsuit against COLE BENJAMIN MYERS. This case was filed in Los Angeles County Superior Courts, Spring Street Courthouse located in Los Angeles, California. The Judge overseeing this case is WENDY CHANG. The case status is Pending - Other Pending.

Case Details Parties Documents Dockets

 

Case Details

  • Case Number:

    *******3129

  • Filing Date:

    04/02/2019

  • Case Status:

    Pending - Other Pending

  • Case Type:

    Personal Injury - Motor Vehicle

  • Court:

    Los Angeles County Superior Courts

  • Courthouse:

    Spring Street Courthouse

  • County, State:

    Los Angeles, California

Judge Details

Judge

WENDY CHANG

 

Party Details

Plaintiffs

MUNOZ HECTOR MANUEL

CARDONA PAOLA ABIGAIL

MUNOZ-CASTRO ROSA MARIA

Defendants

MYERS COLE BENJAMIN

THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS

CORPORATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER DAY SAINTS

Attorney/Law Firm Details

Plaintiff Attorney

SKLAR JULIA

14414 Hamlin Street

Van Nuys, CA 91401

Defendant Attorney

MAGWOOD JEFF

 

Court Documents

Separate Statement - Separate Statement

12/3/2020: Separate Statement - Separate Statement

Separate Statement - Separate Statement

12/3/2020: Separate Statement - Separate Statement

Notice of Ruling - Notice of Ruling

12/10/2020: Notice of Ruling - Notice of Ruling

Minute Order - Minute Order (Hearing on Motion to Compel Deposition of Plaintiff Paola Abi...)

2/18/2021: Minute Order - Minute Order (Hearing on Motion to Compel Deposition of Plaintiff Paola Abi...)

Motion to Compel (name extension) - Motion to Compel Motion to Compel Deposition of Plaintiff Hector Manuel Munoz

7/30/2020: Motion to Compel (name extension) - Motion to Compel Motion to Compel Deposition of Plaintiff Hector Manuel Munoz

Motion to Compel (name extension) - Motion to Compel Motion to Compel Deposition of Plaintiff Paola Abigail Cardona

7/30/2020: Motion to Compel (name extension) - Motion to Compel Motion to Compel Deposition of Plaintiff Paola Abigail Cardona

Stipulation (name extension) - No Order - Stipulation - No Order Joint Stipulation to Continue Trial

8/25/2020: Stipulation (name extension) - No Order - Stipulation - No Order Joint Stipulation to Continue Trial

Certificate of Mailing for - Certificate of Mailing for (Court Order) of 08/25/2020

8/25/2020: Certificate of Mailing for - Certificate of Mailing for (Court Order) of 08/25/2020

Minute Order - Minute Order (Hearing on Motion to Compel Further Discovery Responses; Hear...)

7/14/2020: Minute Order - Minute Order (Hearing on Motion to Compel Further Discovery Responses; Hear...)

Notice (name extension) - Notice of Rescheduled Hearings on Motions to Compel

4/29/2020: Notice (name extension) - Notice of Rescheduled Hearings on Motions to Compel

Notice Re: Continuance of Hearing and Order - Notice Re: Continuance of Hearing and Order

4/16/2020: Notice Re: Continuance of Hearing and Order - Notice Re: Continuance of Hearing and Order

Separate Statement - Separate Statement

3/12/2020: Separate Statement - Separate Statement

Notice and Acknowledgment of Receipt - Notice and Acknowledgment of Receipt

5/31/2019: Notice and Acknowledgment of Receipt - Notice and Acknowledgment of Receipt

Amendment to Complaint (Fictitious/Incorrect Name) - Amendment to Complaint (Fictitious/Incorrect Name)

5/1/2019: Amendment to Complaint (Fictitious/Incorrect Name) - Amendment to Complaint (Fictitious/Incorrect Name)

Request for Dismissal - Request for Dismissal

5/16/2019: Request for Dismissal - Request for Dismissal

Civil Case Cover Sheet - Civil Case Cover Sheet

4/2/2019: Civil Case Cover Sheet - Civil Case Cover Sheet

First Amended Standing Order - First Amended Standing Order

4/2/2019: First Amended Standing Order - First Amended Standing Order

Notice of Case Assignment - Limited Civil Case - Notice of Case Assignment - Limited Civil Case

4/2/2019: Notice of Case Assignment - Limited Civil Case - Notice of Case Assignment - Limited Civil Case

27 More Documents Available

 

Docket Entries

  • 04/05/2022
  • Hearing04/05/2022 at 10:30 AM in Department 26 at 312 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, CA 90012; Order to Show Cause Re: Failure to File Proof of Service

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  • 12/09/2021
  • Hearing12/09/2021 at 08:30 AM in Department 26 at 312 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, CA 90012; Non-Jury Trial

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  • 07/19/2021
  • Hearing07/19/2021 at 10:00 AM in Department 26 at 312 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, CA 90012; Hearing on Motion to be Relieved as Counsel

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  • 06/09/2021
  • Hearing06/09/2021 at 10:00 AM in Department 26 at 312 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, CA 90012; Hearing on Motion for Terminating Sanctions

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  • 06/09/2021
  • Hearing06/09/2021 at 10:00 AM in Department 26 at 312 North Spring Street, Los Angeles, CA 90012; Hearing on Motion for Terminating Sanctions

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  • 02/18/2021
  • DocketMinute Order (Hearing on Motion to Compel Deposition of Plaintiff Paola Abi...)

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  • 02/18/2021
  • DocketHearing on Motion to Compel Deposition of Plaintiff Paola Abigail Cardona scheduled for 02/18/2021 at 09:30 AM in Spring Street Courthouse at Department 26 updated: Result Date to 02/18/2021; Result Type to Held - Motion Granted

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  • 02/18/2021
  • DocketHearing on Motion to Compel Deposition of Plaintiff Hector Manuel Munoz scheduled for 02/18/2021 at 09:30 AM in Spring Street Courthouse at Department 26 updated: Result Date to 02/18/2021; Result Type to Held - Motion Granted

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  • 02/18/2021
  • DocketHearing on Motion to Compel Deposition of Plaintiff Rosa Maria Munoz-Castro scheduled for 02/18/2021 at 10:00 AM in Spring Street Courthouse at Department 26 updated: Result Date to 02/18/2021; Result Type to Held - Motion Granted

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  • 02/11/2021
  • DocketHearing on Motion to be Relieved as Counsel scheduled for 07/19/2021 at 10:00 AM in Spring Street Courthouse at Department 26

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60 More Docket Entries
  • 04/02/2019
  • DocketOrder to Show Cause Re: Failure to File Proof of Service scheduled for 04/05/2022 at 08:30 AM in Stanley Mosk Courthouse at Department 94

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  • 04/02/2019
  • DocketCase assigned to Hon. Wendy Chang in Department 94 Stanley Mosk Courthouse

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  • 04/02/2019
  • DocketNon-Jury Trial scheduled for 09/29/2020 at 08:30 AM in Stanley Mosk Courthouse at Department 94

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  • 04/02/2019
  • DocketOrder on Court Fee Waiver (Superior Court); Signed and Filed by: Clerk

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  • 04/02/2019
  • DocketFirst Amended Standing Order; Filed by: Clerk

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  • 04/02/2019
  • DocketNotice of Case Assignment - Limited Civil Case; Filed by: Clerk

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  • 04/02/2019
  • DocketCivil Case Cover Sheet; Filed by: Rosa Maria Munoz-Castro (Plaintiff); Hector Manuel Munoz (Plaintiff); Paola Abigail Cardona (Plaintiff); As to: Cole Benjamin Myers (Defendant); The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Defendant)

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  • 04/02/2019
  • DocketSummons on Complaint; Issued and Filed by: Rosa Maria Munoz-Castro (Plaintiff); Hector Manuel Munoz (Plaintiff); Paola Abigail Cardona (Plaintiff); As to: Cole Benjamin Myers (Defendant); The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Defendant)

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  • 04/02/2019
  • DocketRequest to Waive Court Fees; Filed by: Rosa Maria Munoz-Castro (Plaintiff); Hector Manuel Munoz (Plaintiff); Paola Abigail Cardona (Plaintiff)

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  • 04/02/2019
  • DocketComplaint; Filed by: Rosa Maria Munoz-Castro (Plaintiff); Hector Manuel Munoz (Plaintiff); Paola Abigail Cardona (Plaintiff); As to: Cole Benjamin Myers (Defendant); The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Defendant)

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Tentative Rulings

Case Number: 19STLC03129    Hearing Date: February 18, 2021    Dept: 26

Munoz-Castro, et al. v. Reyes, et al.

MOTION TO COMPEL DEPOSITION AND REQUEST FOR SANCTIONS

(CCP § 2025.450)

TENTATIVE RULING:

Defendants Corporation of the President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Cole Benjamin Myers’ (1) Motion to Compel Plaintiff Rosa Maria Munoz-Castro’s Attendance at Deposition and Request for Sanctions; (2) Motion to Compel Plaintiff Hector Manuel Munoz’s Attendance at Deposition and Request for Sanctions; and (3) Motion to Compel Plaintiff Paola Abigail Cardona’s Attendance at Deposition and Request for Sanctions are GRANTED.

PLAINTIFFS ARE ORDERED TO APPEAR FOR DEPOSITION AT A DATE AND TIME DETERMINED BY DEFENSE COUNSEL, WITHIN 20 DAYS’ SERVICE OF THIS ORDER. EACH PLAINTIFF IS FURTHER ORDERED TO PAY SANCTIONS OF $627.45 TO DEFENSE COUNSEL WITHIN 20 DAYS’ SERVICE OF THIS ORDER.

ANALYSIS:

Plaintiffs Rosa Maria Munoz-Castro and Paola Abigail Cardona (“Plaintiffs”) filed the instant action for motor vehicle negligence against Defendants Cole Benjamin Myers (“Defendant Myers”) and Corporation of the President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (“Defendant Church”) on April 2, 2019.

Defendants filed the instant Motions to Compel Plaintiffs’ Attendance at Deposition and Request for Sanctions (“the Motions”) on July 30, 2020. On February 10, 2021, Plaintiffs’ counsel filed a declaration in opposition to the Motions.

Legal Standard

Code of Civil Procedure section 2025.450, section (a) states in relevant part:

If, after service of a deposition notice, a party to the action or an officer, director, managing agent, or employee of a party, or a person designated by an organization that is a party under Section 2025.230, without having served a valid objection under Section 2025.410, fails to appear for examination, or to proceed with it, or to produce for inspection any document, electronically stored information, or tangible thing described in the deposition notice, the party giving the notice may move for an order compelling the deponent’s attendance and testimony, and the production for inspection of any document, electronically stored information, or tangible thing described in the deposition notice.

(Code Civ. Proc., § 2025.450, subd. (a).) The motion must also “set forth specific facts showing good cause justifying the production for inspection of any document, electronically stored information, or tangible thing described in the deposition notice” and “be accompanied by a meet and confer declaration under Section 2016.040.” (Code Civ. Proc., § 2025.450, subds. (b)(1), (2).) A court shall impose monetary sanctions if the motion to compel is granted, unless the one subject to sanction acted with substantial justification or other circumstances would make the imposition of the sanction unjust. (Code. Civ. Proc., § 2025.450, subd. (g)(1).)

Discussion

The motion is accompanied by a declaration demonstrating that defense counsel continually meet and conferred with Plaintiff’s counsel regarding dates on which Plaintiff would be available for deposition. (Motions, Kaufman Decl., ¶¶2-7 and Exhs. A-E.) Despite these efforts, Plaintiffs failed to appear for two properly noticed deposition dates. (Ibid.) Although the declaration does not specifically state “that the petitioner has contacted the deponent to inquire about the nonappearance” following Plaintiffs’ failure to appear for the July 2, 2020 depositions, the attorneys for the parties did communicate frequently about the deposition dates. At the last meet and confer, defense counsel explained that Defendants would move to compel the depositions if Plaintiffs did not appear. (Id. at Exh. E.) Now, on the eve of this hearing, Plaintiffs’ counsel filed a declaration affirming she has lost contact with Plaintiffs and can make no substantive opposition to the Motions. (Sklar Decl., filed 2/10/21.)

Based on Plaintiffs’ failure to cooperate in the taking of their depositions, Defendants are entitled to an order compelling their appearance and an award of sanctions. However, the sanctions sought are excessive under a lodestar calculation. Each request for sanctions is granted in the amount of $627.45 based on one hour of attorney time billed at $250.00, plus $317.25 in court reporter fees and $60.00 in costs. (Motions, Kaufman Decl., ¶10.)

Conclusion

Defendants Corporation of the President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Cole Benjamin Myers’ (1) Motion to Compel Plaintiff Rosa Maria Munoz-Castro’s Attendance at Deposition and Request for Sanctions; (2) Motion to Compel Plaintiff Hector Manuel Munoz’s Attendance at Deposition and Request for Sanctions; and (3) Motion to Compel Plaintiff Paola Abigail Cardona’s Attendance at Deposition and Request for Sanctions are GRANTED.

PLAINTIFFS ARE ORDERED TO APPEAR FOR DEPOSITION AT A DATE AND TIME DETERMINED BY DEFENSE COUNSEL, WITHIN 20 DAYS’ SERVICE OF THIS ORDER. EACH PLAINTIFF IS FURTHER ORDERED TO PAY SANCTIONS OF $627.45 TO DEFENSE COUNSEL WITHIN 20 DAYS’ SERVICE OF THIS ORDER.

Moving party to give notice.

Case Number: 19STLC03129    Hearing Date: July 14, 2020    Dept: 26

Munoz-Castro v. Myers, et al.

MOTION TO COMPEL FURTHER RESPONSES TO INTERROGATORIES

(CCP § 2030.300)

TENTATIVE RULING:

Defendants Corporation of the President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Cole Benjamin Myers’ (1) Motion to Compel Plaintiff Paola Abigail Cardona’s Further Responses to Form Interrogatories, Set One; and (2) Motion to Compel Plaintiff Rosa Maria Munoz-Castro’s Further Responses to Form Interrogatories, Set One, are GRANTED. FURTHER RESPONSES ARE TO BE SERVED WITHIN 20 DAYS’ NOTICE OF THIS ORDER.

ANALYSIS:

Plaintiffs Rosa Maria Munoz-Castro and Paola Abigail Cardona (“Plaintiffs”) filed the instant action for motor vehicle negligence against Defendants Cole Benjamin Myers and Corporation of the President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (“Defendants”) on April 2, 2019. Defendants filed the instant Motions to Compel Further Responses on March 12, 2020. On April 15, 2020, Plaintiffs’ counsel filed an opposing declaration.

Procedural Requirements

Notice of the motion to compel further must be given “within 45 days of service of the verified response, or any supplemental verified response, or any specific later date to which the requesting party and the responding party have agreed in writing,” otherwise, the propounding party waives any right to compel a further response. (Code Civ. Proc., § 2030.300, subd. (c).) Here, Plaintiffs’ verified responses were served by mail on January 23, 2020. (Motions, Kaufman Decl., ¶5 and Exh. C.) The notice of motion and motions to compel further were timely served on March 12, 2020. (Motions, POS.)

The motion must also be accompanied by a meet and confer declaration. (Code Civ. Proc., § 2030.300, subd. (b).) Defense counsel sent meet and confer letters on January 30, 2020. (Motions, Kaufman Decl., ¶6 and Exh. D.) The meet and confer requirement, therefore, is satisfied.

Finally, Cal. Rules of Court Rule 3.1345 requires that all motions or responses involving further discovery contain a separate statement with the text of each request, the response, and a statement of factual and legal reasons for compelling further responses. (Cal. Rules of Court, Rule 3.1345, subd. (a).) The motions are accompanied by concurrently filed separate statements.

Substantive Basis

“On receipt of a response to interrogatories, the [propounding party] may move for an order compelling a further response if that party deems that: ¶ An answer to a particular interrogatory is evasive or incomplete” or “[a]n objection to an interrogatory is without merit or too general.” (Code Civ. Proc., § 2030.300, subd. (a)(1), (3).)

Defendants move for further responses from both Plaintiffs to Special Interrogatory No. 1, which asks them to “[s]tate the telephone number(s) and name of the cellular phone carrier(s) for any and all

cellular telephone(s) YOU (“YOU,” “YOUR,” or “YOURSELF” means Plaintiff [Paola Abigail

Cardona or Rosa Maria Munoz-Castro]) had or used on the date of the INCIDENT (“INCIDENT” includes the circumstances and events surrounding the April 19, 2017 automobile accident and injuries therefrom giving rise to this action or proceeding). (Separate Statements, p. 2:9-13.) In response, Plaintiffs provided their phone numbers, but then state “[t]he carrier is unknown to Plaintiff.” (Id. at p. 2:15.)

The Court agrees with Defendants that this response is incomplete. A response to an interrogatory must either be (1) an answer containing the information sought to be discovered; (2) an exercise of the party’s option to produce writings; and (3) an objection to the particular interrogatory. (Code Civ. Proc., § 2030.210, subd. (a).) Stating that the information is unknown is neither acceptable under the statute, nor credible. When a party does not know the information requested, he or she must make a reasonable and good faith effort to obtain the information. (Code Civ. Proc., § 2030.220, subd. (c).) It is certainly possible to obtain the name of one’s own cell phone carrier after a reasonable and good faith effort.

Based on the foregoing, the Motions to Compel Further Responses to Form Interrogatories, Set One, No. 1 are GRANTED. FURTHER RESPONSES ARE TO BE SERVED WITHIN 20 DAYS’ NOTICE OF THIS ORDER.

Moving party to give notice.

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